managing depression article by phoebe chiChronic Conditions

Managing & Overcoming Depression: 7 Practical Tools

Depression. One word that can mean so many things. For those who have lived with or currently live with depression, you know very well the effects it can have on your daily life. Depression can drain not only your physical energy, but also your hopes, motivation, enjoyment, and personal drive. You may be aware of all the steps to getting better, but you just cannot get yourself to take even the first one. If this sounds all too familiar to you, you are not alone. And there is hope. This article will present 7 tips for overcoming depression and its symptoms that will help you take back your life.

Related article: Feeling Depressed? Coping with Depression during COVID

There Is Life After Depression

While overcoming depression is neither quick nor easy, it is possible, and there is life after depression. In this article, I will discuss essential tools that will help empower you to take control of many of your symptoms. This article, however, is not a substitute for professional mental health care. If you are currently feeling very depressed, to the point where you are thinking about death or dying, please reach out to a friend or a loved one immediately. If anonymity is important to you, call the helplines below right now or simply call or text the new three-digit Crisis Lifeline at 988:

New U.S. Crisis Lifeline
(text or call)



The road to recovery when you have depression is often like a Catch-22, where the things that would help you the most are the ones that are the most difficult to do. With that said, I want to encourage you that there is a huge difference between something that is difficult and something that is impossible. When you feel depressed, just the basic self-care tasks may seem incredibly difficult. But I’m here to tell you that it is not impossible. Actually, just by choosing to read this post, you have already taken the first step to overcoming your depression and its symptoms. So, keep on reading, and I’ll take you a few steps further as I discuss the small but positive steps that you can start incorporating into your days. Remember, you do have control, and the fog will lift, and you will find yourself happier, healthier, and more hopeful again.

Depression: Signs & Symptoms

While it is completely normal to experience symptoms like these from time to time, if you find yourself experiencing several or all of the following things almost all of the time, it should be a sign to you that it might be the right time to talk to someone about it (such as mentioning it at a doctor’s visit).

Symptoms of Depression

  • Feeling sad, empty, or anxious a lot of the time
  • Feeling helpless, worthless, or guilty
  • Feeling hopeless
  • Feeling irritable
  • Loss of interest in activities you used to enjoy
  • Having little or no energy
  • Have trouble concentrating
  • Sleeping too much or having trouble sleeping
  • Eating too much or not wanting to eat

What is Causing Your Depression?

7 tips for managing depression

Before I go further, I want to make something clear: depression is not a form of weakness. In order to successfully overcome depression, you have to first realize this fact. Even though the symptoms of depression can make one feel weak and helpless, depression itself is not caused by personal weakness, nor is seeking help a sign of weakness.

However, what can play an active role in causing symptoms of sadness and depression are physical chronic illnesses, life stressors, and your environment. This can be further compounded by feelings of frustration, loss of control over your life and your health, and anxiety or fear about the future.

When you have depression, it can feel like a cycle that never ends. Because you feel depressed, you may withdraw and isolate yourself. You may become less physically active. You may drive away friends and family that ask to help. As a result of doing this, you feel even worse. Sometimes, the symptoms of depression may get so bad that you feel as if there is no way out. You may ask yourself, “Will I ever feel happy again?”

I am here to tell you that the answer is yes. It is possible to break out of this cycle. It is possible to feel normal again. And it is possible to gain the joy back into your life. However, because depression is something that is very real and very complex—it essentially boils down to a tortuous interplay of your external environment with the balance of brain chemicals—the treatment for depression is also multi-faceted. In this post, I will be discussing one facet of overcoming depression: how to boost your mood through self-care.

A Comment on Anti-Depressant Medications

While I will not focus on antidepressant medications in this article, I do want to clarify a common misconception about them: just because a person needs an antidepressant now does not mean that they will need antidepressants a year from now…or even a half-year from now. Sometimes, a person may only need an antidepressant medication to help them get through a difficult period of time in their life. Sometimes, they may need it a little longer. Every person’s situation and needs are unique, but the truth remains the same: being on an antidepressant is not a sign of weakness.

With that said, I will now focus on a crucial aspect of depression management: self-care.

7 Steps for Managing Symptoms of Depression

#1 – Make the active decision to take control

When it comes to overcoming depression or managing its symptoms, ultimately, you are the one who is in control. However, until you realize this power and make the active decision to use it, everything will seem out of reach. So, I encourage you, right now, to tell yourself aloud, “I choose to take control of my depression.” Once you do this, you’ve already empowered yourself to take the next step.

#2 – Reach out & stay connected in a meaningful way

While for many people, the first impulse when feeling down or anxious is to withdraw and isolate, getting the right support is a crucial step forward that can help you break out of any negative cycle that you may be trapped in. Rather than feeling ashamed or guilty of your situation, realize that reaching out is a sign of strength, and by doing so, you should be proud of yourself.

  • Prioritize meaningful contact. In this world of casual texting, tweets, and Snapchats, while we may feel like we are always communicating with others, it can actually have the opposite effect of making us feel even more isolated. Instead, try to set aside a special time to meet with a friend or a counselor or pastor (either virtually on a video call or in person once it is deemed safe). The important thing is to get past superficial exchanges in order to have more meaningful communication with people who make you feel safe and cared for.
  • Find ways to help others. It has been shown that the simple act of altruism can actually improve our mood more than just passively receiving support. Do not be afraid to step out of your comfort zone to volunteer somewhere, help out a friend in need, or simply make an effort to do something nice for someone. It’ll warm your heart and boost your mood. Just make sure that during the COVID pandemic that you choose activities that are safe for you.
  • Get animal therapy. For many people, being around animals is immensely therapeutic. While nothing can replace the human connection, if you do like animals, consider caring for a small pet or make the effort to be around them.
  • Join an online support group. Sometimes, we just need to know that we are not alone in our situation. The mutual support and connections that come from support groups can make an immense difference in your outlook and emotional state.

#3 – Identify your negative thought processes

When we are talking about overcoming depression, it is crucial to address the thinking process, as our own negative thoughts can serve as one of our greatest enemies. Do you feel as if your situation is hopeless? That you are powerless to do anything? When you have depression or are feeling down, all your thoughts are processed through aDepression Filter,” which impacts the way you feel about yourself, the world, and your future. Take a moment to look at the following list. From now on, whenever you start thinking in one of these ways, realize that this is simply a symptom of your depression—not a reality. And then go on to step #4.

Depression Thought Filters

  1. Over-generalization
    • Generalizing from a single negative experience (“I can’t do anything right.”).
  2. Diminishing the positive
    • Coming up with reasons that minimize the positive (“My boss said I did a good job, but he was just being nice.”).
  3. Emotional reasoning
    • Thinking that the way you feel is actually the truth (“I feel like a loser. I am a loser!”)
  4. All-or-nothing thinking
    • Looking at everything as being black and white (“If I don’t get this promotion, I’m a total failure.”).
  5. Labeling
    • Labeling yourself based on perceived shortcomings (“I’m a failure, because I can never make my wife happy.”).
  6. Jumping to conclusions
    • Thinking that you can read other people’s minds and foretell the future (“My boss hates me; I’ll never get a promotion.”).
  7. The negativity filter
    • Ignoring your accomplishments but focusing on your mistakes

#4 – Put your negative thoughts to the test

Now that you know what to look for, whenever you identify one of the Depression Thought Filters, stop and ask yourself the following questions. Most of the time, these questions will prompt you to look at things from a different perspective by helping you to see the situation more clearly and objectively.

Questions to ask yourself

  1. “What concrete, objective evidence do I have that this thought is really true?”
  2. “Is there an alternate explanation of this situation?”
  3. “What would I tell a friend who had this kind of thought?”
  4. “How might I look at this situation if I didn’t have depression?”

#5 – Get your daily dose of sunlight

Another important (and frequently overlooked) tool for managing and overcoming the symptoms of depression is something that is easily accessible: sunlight. Getting enough sunlight is essential, because natural light not only boosts your serotonin levels (the brain chemical that improves your mood), but your body also uses sunlight to produce vitamin D. When your body is deficient in vitamin D, it can cause depression or worsen existing depression symptoms.

  • Go outside. Make sure to get outside daily, ensuring that your arms and legs are exposed to the sun for about 15 minutes each day.
  • Let the light in. When indoors, open your windows to let the sunlight in.
  • Use a light box. Consider getting a light therapy box if you are unable to get enough daily sunlight.

Related: Vitamin D Foods & Supplements: A Definitive Guide

#6 – Try to Get Some Light Exercise

While depression no doubt can cause you to feel tired and unmotivated, physical activity is one of the best things you can do for yourself and your mood, and it can do wonders while on the road to managing and overcoming depression. Even light exercise has been proven to improve mood by helping to release several brain chemicals that have powerful antidepressant effects. Not only that, but exercise helps to release endorphins, which are natural painkillers that can help with chronic pain issues. While getting daily physical activity is the best, every step counts.

  • Make a plan. Promise yourself to go on a 5 to 10-minute walk this week.
  • Practice mindfulness. Be mindful during the activity. Practice the mindfulness exercise discussed in the Instant Relaxation Techniques post while you are walking or doing your activity. This can further help you combat any negative thoughts that might be intruding into your head.

#7 – Make a Wellness Toolbox

7 tips for managing depression

Similar to the Stress Relief Toolbox that was discussed in the Stress Management post, I encourage you to make a personal Wellness Toolbox of 10 to 20 things you enjoy doing. Every day, no matter how you feel, select something off the list and do it. By incorporating this into your days, you are helping yourself prioritize self-care, which will make a considerable difference in your well-being. Example of things that you can include are:

  • Journal your thoughts for 10 minutes
  • List 5 things that you like about yourself
  • List 5 things that you have accomplished
  • Read a chapter out of a good book
  • Watch a funny movie or TV show
  • Take a long, hot bath
  • Play with a pet
  • Talk to a friend or family face-to-face
  • Spend 10 minutes in nature
  • …anything and everything you can think of!

Depression is not an easy disease to overcome, but it is absolutely possible to take control of it. If you are feeling depressed, have an honest conversation with a trusted health care professional on what your next step should be and what treatment options are most appropriate for you. By incorporating these 7 tools into your life, you will not only be able to better overcome your depression and take control of its symptoms, but you will start taking back your life. 

Remember, there is light at the end of the tunnel, and you will get there.

The information presented in “Managing & Overcoming Depression: 7 Practical Tools” can be found in Being Empowered for a Healthy Heart: A personal guide to taking control of your health while living with chronic conditions, by Phoebe Chi, MD, MPH.

Phoebe Chi, MD
Phoebe Chi, MD

As a physician educator and the managing editor of Health + Inspiration, Dr. Chi aims to inspire, inform, and empower the reader community. She is the author of Being Empowered for a Healthy Heart: A personal guide to taking control of your health while living with chronic conditions, a poetry-infused health guide, and founder of Pendants for a Cause, a nonprofit organization with the purpose of raising funds to fight illness, provide care, and bring awareness to medically vulnerable populations around the world.

Pendants for a Cause Charity Jewelry

60 replies »

  1. Thanks for spreading word about depression. We need more posts like this. The more we open up about mental illness the less stigma there will be about it. Again, thanks for sharing!

  2. I think these kinds of posts are so important for everyone to read. Not only those who may be going through the illness but everyone around them too. Im hoping my blog will be similar, helping anyone who chooses to read by just telling my story. Thanks for sharing.

  3. I think the worst part of my depression is not knowing the cause and then sitting there, trying to dissect every part of me to find out why. It ends up with tearing myself apart to no avail. & then I just end up hating myself even more than I started with, discovering new insecurities & faults about myself I didn’t know I had. Turns being depressed about nothing to bring depressed about every and no thing.

  4. This was such a helpful, powerful list of actions that can actually be applied in day to day life- these tips were great and immensely helpful. Thank you.

  5. I’ve had Depression for 55 years, since I was 11. Much was caused by female hormones, so things have improved some since menopause. Exercise and an anti-depressant help now. The drugs are SO MUCH BETTERnow.

    I struggle with the social contact. I need the energy to make it happen, but that’s often too much to ask. Wish I could hook into some automatic activities.

    But my dog helps a lot.

  6. This is a great article. I have had depression, anxiety and panic attacks most of my adult life. When my parents and Aunts were alive it was easier to keep on top of things because they were there to encourage and uplift me. However after they passed away life became more difficult. Thus began psych doctors, pills, lots of anti-depressants which after a while made things worse, and repeated visits to various hospitals.

    Finally once I retired this past August I knew that I had to suit up in my armor like a soldier. My cat Sylvester helps me. I try to get out every day even if only to walk around the block. I have my writing, photography and painting. Listening to many motivational and inspirational YouTube videos. I joined a church that is withing walking distance. Play happy uplifting inspirational music.

    Chatting with my neighbors on the block and at the coffee shop across the street. Battling Depression is a full-time job. I still wake up at night and never know when triggers and flashbacks will strike. It’s like being at war with my own personality and being. I always must think of new ways to be and stay happy. Happiness requires plenty of work. Not an easy task but no one is going to do it for me.

    • Wow. What a journey you have been through! Battling depression is indeed a full-time job. Good for you for being proactive in getting better. Wishing you the very best! 🙂

  7. A very helpful post. I have notice that some bloggers are fighting depression everyday. I believe
    this would be very beneficial so I will repost. Thank you for sharing Phoebe. 🙏

  8. Nice post dear, your advice is spot on and your right depression isn’t something you get over overnight it’s a long hard battle with your brain.


We welcome you to share...